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河北省曲周县第一中学2019-2020学年高二下学期开学考试英语试题

河北省曲周县第一中学2019-2020学年高二下学期开学考试英语试题

一、阅读选择添加题型下试题

难度: 0.94 | 2020·福建宁德·高二期末 典型

1.    The beauty of single travel is that you can choose what you want to see and when. Here are some of the safest cities in the world guaranteed to meet the single travelers’ needs.

Singapore

As Singapore is one of the safest cities in the world, it is ideal for a single traveller. There’s no shortage of good hotels and the locals and hotel staff are known for their friendly nature. Take a walk through Chinatown, spend a day at Jurong Bird Park, hit the shops on Orchard Road or simply watch the world go by at Clarke Quay.

Auckland, New Zealand
Auckland is known for being one of the friendliest cities in the world, according to surveys by Condé Nast Traveler, so the single travellers will feel right at home. An affordable city with lots to see, such as the Civic Theatre, the Sky Tower and the harbour foreshore, Auckland is a wonderful place to visit on your own.
Vienna, Austria
One of Europe’s finest and most beautiful cities, Vienna has so much to offer and you can’t possibly get bored. You can go for a museum tour, a cruise of the Danube, spend a morning exploring historic St. Stephen’s Cathedral, or visit St. Anton, known for being the best ski party city in Europe.

Napa, California

While Napa is a romantic destination for two, it’s also an attractive spot for the single travellers. Famous for its fine grapes, Napa is the perfect place if you have a taste for good wines. Many hotels are equipped with private pools and lounging areas, so you can enjoy a relaxing environment.

【小题1】What will you probably do if you visit Auckland?
A.Spend a day at Jurong Bird Park.
B.Hit the shops on Orchard Road.
C.Explore historic St. Stephen’s Cathedral.
D.Enjoy a play in Civic Theatre.
【小题2】If you are a fan of ski party, where would you go?
A.Singapore.B.Auckland, New Zealand.
C.Vienna, Austria.D.Napa, California.
【小题3】What is Napa, California well known for?
A.Quality wines.B.Museum tours.
C.Private pools.D.Lounging areas.

河北省曲周县第一中学2019-2020学年高二下学期开学考试英语试题

2.    A planet the size of Jupiter has been discovered and it is one of the hottest ones known to us. This has made scientists think about how planets are formed.

Planets such as Earth have more oxygen than carbon, but what if the composition(组成)is just the opposite? This is a question opened up by a recent discovery of a diamond planet by US and UK scientists. The planet is 1200 light years away from Earth and was observed using NASA's Spitzer Space Telescope. Dr Marek Kukula explained that researchers initially used the Super WASP(Wide Angle Search for Planets) robotic observatories operating continuously, all year around. They detected the planet, then it was observed with the Spitzer Space Telescope, which detected the heat coming from the planet, and from that heat signature they can tell what this planet is made from.

The planet is very different to Earth. "It's giant planet," explains Dr Kukula, "a gas planet, a bit like Jupiter in our solar system. But the interesting thing that they've discovered is that it has a very different composition to the planets in our solar system. This planet has more carbon than oxygen." This suggests that there is more than one way to make a solar system and the range of planets in the universe could be much wider than previously thought.

Dr Kukula says that if there are smaller planets in the same solar system with a similar composition, rich in carbon, their rocks could be rich in minerals such as carbon and diamonds, unlike Earth which has silica(硅石), the sand that rocks on Earth are made from. "This is where this diamond planet idea comes from; they haven't actually detected a diamond planet yet," explains Dr Kukula.it' s hypothetical(假设的), "but you can imagine strange landscapes with black graphite rocks lying around and the surface could be covered with sticky liquids instead of water".

【小题1】What planet has been discovered recently?
A.A planet with more oxygen.B.A planet with more carbon
C.A planet hotter than others.D.A planet bigger than Jupiter.
【小题2】How do scientists decide a planet's composition?
A.By its heat.B.By its size.
C.By telescope.D.By distance.
【小题3】What can we learn about the new planet from paragraph 3?
A.It is in our solar system.B.It looks like Earth.
C.It is completely different from Jupiter.D.It contains a lot of gas.
【小题4】Why do scientists call the planet "a diamond planet"?
A.It is rich in carbon.B.It is rich in silica.
C.It is rich in water.D.It is rich in sticky liquids.

河北省曲周县第一中学2019-2020学年高二下学期开学考试英语试题

3.    Moving into a new home in a new neighborhood is an exciting experience. Of course, you want to make sure that you become an acceptable and valuable part of your neighborhood  . the easiest way to accomplish this is to make sure you conduct yourself as a good neighbor should. 【小题1】

Perhaps one of the most important things you can do as a good neighbor is to keep your property(房产) neat, clean, and in good repair. 【小题2】 By choosing to keep the outside of the home in great shape, you will help to improve the look and feel of the area.

Second, take the overall appearance of the neighborhood seriously,. When going for a walk. Take a small garbage bag. 【小题3】 This small act will let your neighbors know that you care about the area.

【小题4】 If a neighbor is going to be out of town, offer to collect mail and newspapers. If a neighbor suffers an illness, offer to do the grocery shopping . Let them know you are there to help in any way this acceptable, while still respecting the privacy of your neighbor.

【小题5】 By following the basic rules of respecting others, taking care of what belongs to you, and taking pride in the appearance of the neighborhood in general, you will quickly become a good neighbor that everyone appreciate.

A.In general, keep an eye on their property while they are gone.
B.A good neighbor is also one who likes to help out in small ways.
C.Being a good neighbor is more or less about considerate behavior.
D.Sometimes neighbors may go to the supermarket together to do shopping.
E.Should you come across waste paper thrown out of a passing car, pick it up.
F.People tend to lake pride in keeping everything in their street fresh and inviting.
G.Here are a few tips to help you win over everyone in the neighborhood quickly

河北省曲周县第一中学2019-2020学年高二下学期开学考试英语试题

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